| ||Alice Spott (Yurok), wearing a ceremonial dress and cap. Photograph by Pliny E. Goddard, Requa, Del Norte County, 1901 (15-3344).
Upon becoming curator in 1901, Alfred Kroeber set
outand succeededin making the museum's California
Indian collections the largest and most comprehensive of
their kind in the world. In fact, most of the ethnological items
from the regionfrom living or historic people, as opposed to
those from archaeological excavation-were gathered in the
museum's first decade. In his desire to document pre-contact
cultures, Kroeber tried to collect artifacts that had been used by
Native peoples and not those made for sale. Many were
documented by photographs and sound recordings.